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Operating Principle of Pelton Turbine

Operating Principle of Pelton Turbine
Operating Principle of Pelton Turbine
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Product Code : EDK-2265
Brand Name : EDUTEK
Product Description

Operating Principle of Pelton Turbine

  • Water turbines are turbomachines utilising water power. The Pelton turbine is part of the free-jet turbines resp. impulse turbines which convert the pressure energy of water into kinetic energy entirely in the control device. During the conversion, the water jet is accelerated in a nozzle and directed onto the vanes of the Pelton wheel tangential. The water jet is redirected by approximately 180° in the vanes. The impulse of the water jet is transmitted to the Pelton wheel.
  • The experimental unit consists of the Pelton wheel, a needle nozzle used as control device, a band brake for loading the turbine and a housing with a transparent front panel. The transparent cover enables you to observe the water flow, the wheel and the nozzle during operation. You can modify the nozzle cross-section and thus the flow rate by adjusting the nozzle needle.
  •  The structure easily installed in the basic hydraulic bench.
  •  The unit composed of a small size Pelton turbine.
  •  Be made of stainless steel.
  •  Transparent plexiglass cover for flow visualization.
  •  Develop a power of about 10W.
  •  A bourdon type manometer (range 0·2.5bar) measure the inlet pressure.
  •  A portable digital tachometer allow the speed measurement.
  •  Two dynamometers should allow the torque measurement and.
  •  Easy to functionality.
  •  Sturdy construction.
  •  Negligible maintenance.

The following characteristics:

  •  Spring type dynamometer.
  •  Range 0F·10N with 0.1N division.
  •  Pipe of 110mm dia with venturi meter.
  •  Pelton Wheel: 300 mm Diameter with 18 Buckets.
  • Sump tank capacity: 200 liters High Grade Plastic.
  • Flow rate measurement: Orifice meter with Burdon type pressure gauge.
  • Pump : Monoblock type, 4 litre/sec, Head 20 mtrs; Motor 5 HP.
  • Piping with necessary Valves and Fittings.
  • Digital RPM Indicator.
  • Detailed Technical Manual and On-site Training.
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